For any FARA violation that is not “willful,” the Department of Justice is authorized by law to seek a civil court order “enjoining [a] person from continuing to act as an agent” or “requiring compliance” with the statute.  The threshold for a civil action is “sufficient credible evidence of a significant violation for which the civil injunctive remedy is judged appropriate in light of all the circumstances because time is of the essence or for some other reason.”  The Department does not have statutory authority to impose civil fines, but on at least one occasion it has agreed to the payment of a civil fine as part of a settlement. 

You can find a narrative historical overview of FARA’s enforcement history in the Department of Justice Criminal Resource Manual.  For your reference, provided below are summaries of selected civil enforcement efforts involving FARA.  Summaries of prior criminal enforcement cases are available here.

SUMMARIES OF SELECTED CIVIL ENFORCEMENT EFFORTS (1980-Present)

SUMMARIES OF SELECTED CIVIL ENFORCEMENT EFFORTS (1960-1979)


An Informational Resource in a New Era of Foreign Agents Registration Act Enforcement.

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